Having good plumbing is one of the best things you can do to protect your home from water damage. If your plumbing is faulty, it can lead to a flooded home and even natural gas leaks. A plumber from a good St. Petersburg handyman company can help you get your home’s plumbing working properly. Plumbing is a skilled trade and the majority of plumbers have a four- or five-year apprenticeship. The plumber’s training includes classroom education and paid on-the-job training. The plumber also must attend continuing education courses and be licensed.
Plumbing systems consist of pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, water-using equipment, and drainage. A plumber’s work involves installing, repairing, and maintaining the piping system of a building. He or she also examines the system and repairs fixtures and backflow preventers. Plumbers also study blueprint reading, applied physics, chemistry, and safety. He or she also learns the rules and regulations of plumbing and local plumbing codes. He or she also knows how to install and repair water heaters and water softeners.
Plumbing pipes are usually made of metal or plastic. The material is chosen according to its function. Metal pipes are used for water supply and drainage, while plastic pipes are used for sewers and house drains. Some pipes are welded and threaded, while others are cast.
The most common type of pipe is PEX (cross-linked polyethylene). PEX is durable and easy to install. It is also a less expensive option than other pipe materials. PEX is also flexible and can be bent or cut easily. It is also able to withstand water pressures, making it a good choice for new homes. It also has excellent freeze resistance, making it a good choice for homes with colder temperatures.
The majority of plumbing pipes are made from copper. Copper is durable and is also resistant to corrosion. It is also the preferred material for hot water. In addition, copper is available in four different wall thicknesses. There are also other types of pipes, such as brass. For house drains, materials include vitrified clay, cast iron, and plastic.
The main lines for hot and cold water are usually hung from a basement ceiling. These lines carry treated fresh water inside a building. They are then connected to the hot water tank and water meter. They are also supported by pipe hangers. They should be installed neatly and protected from freezing.
Besides pipes, plumbers also install water heaters and backflow preventers. They also work on water softeners and water filters. They also install a system of pipes called traps to prevent sewer gas from entering the structure. Typically, traps are not allowed in most plumbing codes. However, an extreme form of trap is called a bag trap. This trap is a perfect siphon that prevents sewer gas from entering the structure. A bag trap can be very difficult to use and is often inconvenient to use.
Depending on the type of plumbing system, additional work standards may also be applied. For example, if a new type of pipe is used, additional work standards may be applied to the system.